Friday, February 23, 2018



Just after the game of basketball was invented in 1891, teams were called “fives” in reference to their five starting players. Basketball, like American society, was racially segregated. Teams made up entirely of African American players were often known as “colored quints,” “Negro cagers,” or “Black fives.”

The sport remained divided from 1904 — when basketball was first introduced to African Americans on a wide scale organized basis — until the racial integration of the National Basketball League in the 1940s and the National Basketball Association in 1950.

The period in between became known as the Black Fives Era, when dozens of all-Black teams emerged, flourished, and excelled. African Americans were making moves in basketball generations before the N.B.A. was born. At first, those teams – sponsored by churches, athletic and social clubs, “Colored” YMCAs, businesses, and newspapers – had few places to play, since gymnasiums and athletic clubs were whites-only. But when the phonograph emerged in the early 1900s, Black music – ragtime, jazz, and blues – became so popular that a dance craze swept America. Almost overnight, sheet music and player pianos in the parlor gave way to dance halls and ballrooms.
Positive and culturally affirming opportunities in the entertainment industry replaced the insulting, degrading minstrelsy of the past. For observant and enterprising African American sports promoters, these spaces became ready-made basketball venues on off nights, featuring music by top black musicians and dancing afterward until well past midnight. In urban industrial centers like New York, Washington, Pittsburgh, and Chicago, black people were in motion.

New migrants from the South as well as new immigrants from all parts of the Caribbean, Africa, Central-, and South America were looking for ways to meet each other and assimilate. As a result, Black Fives Era basketball games went beyond the sport itself and became meaningful social events.

Though commonplace today, the marriage of basketball and music was an African American innovation that grew out of necessity, opportunism, timing, and broad cultural awareness by community leaders. This is why so many early game advertisements included the headline, “Basket Ball and Dance.”

There never existed a black professional basketball league akin to baseball’s Negro Leagues. However, independent African American teams played within a well-organized nationwide barnstorming circuit.

They commanded national attention in the Negro press and headlines in local papers while battling for the annual right to be called “Colored Basketball World’s Champions.”

The Black Fives Era spanned what were perhaps America’s darkest yet most colorful years, a rich period that included the First Black Migration, the emergence of the phonograph and radio, the growth of entertainment culture, the explosion of jazz, ragtime, and the blues, vice reform, lynchings and race riots, the ballroom dancing craze, Prohibition, the Roaring ’20s, the Harlem Renaissance, the Great Depression, two World Wars, and the Golden Age of Sports.

Out of many, one African American team, the New York Renaissance (aka Harlem “Rens”) stood apart as arguably the most successful basketball team of the century, irrespective of race or ethnicity. From 1923 to 1948, the Rens won 2,588 of 3,117 games – a staggering winning percentage of 83% sustained over a 25-year period! The Rens ushered in the Harlem Renaissance period, smashed the color barrier in pro basketball, and helped pave the way for the Civil Rights Movement.

The teams and players of the Black Fives Era created something from nothing, with no road map, no instructions, and no recipes, despite many fears, doubts, and obstacles – and for little more than the love of the game. With definite plans, collective purpose, and relentless pursuit, they kept climbing to higher levels of success on increasingly bigger stages, in front of ever-growing audiences. All the while they fostered hope, aspiration, pride, unity, pragmatism, and self-esteem among African Americans during a time — the most pivotal period in black history of the last century — when those attributes were prerequisites for sheer survival.

The men and women of the Black Fives Era were true basketball pioneers whose desire simply to play their best and innovate the game opened doors for generations of African American players.
In doing so they left a worldwide legacy that inspires not only ballers, but also all of us to this day. Now you can find out more! (Source:

Thursday, February 22, 2018



Black Magic is an entertaining, engaging and emotional look at the all-but forgotten players and coaches from the Historical Black Colleges and Universities (“HBCU”). These civil rights pioneers and sports stars, like co-producer, Earl “The Pearl” Monroe and Willis Reed, tell us their stories.

At its heart, Black Magic is a civil rights movie and Filmmaker Dan Klores uses brutal footage to show the history of American discrimination ...and violence against blacks in all aspects of their lives.

These civil rights pioneers and sports stars tells us their heart-wrenching stories of violence, prejudice and poverty living in the Jim Crow South. Klores also reminds us that racism and oppression wasn’t just limited to the South.

Their tales are funny, sad, and inspiring. Some players overcome their humble beginnings and have successful careers despite discrimination, others aren’t as lucky.

Klores is a wonderful story-teller. He weaves rare footage with personal testimonies and hits the archives to show us documents and photos that give us the insider’s view of this world.

Narrators Samuel L. Jackson and Wynton Marsalis help frame the story and illuminate the racist historical context.

Their passion for the topic shines throughout the film.segregation that polluted this country. (Source:Karen Russell)


"The way of a fool seems right to him, but a wise man listens to advice." (Pr 12:15 NIV)


The Most High will lead you: Through godly advice. (In the biblical narrative). Moses experienced this. Instead of getting help, he tried to do it all himself. At that point his father-in-law, Jethro, said to him, "What you are doing is not good." (Ex 18:17 NIV). Then he told Moses to delegate responsibility to capable leaders w...ho could share the load with him. "Moses listened to his father-in-law and did everything he said" (Ex 18:24 NIV). As a result, Moses' problem was solved, and Israel made it successfully to the Promised Land. 
Some of the time the (Most High) (Your Higher Conscious) will speak to you directly and reveal what you should do, but much of the time He will speak to you through relationships. He/she will bring wise and seasoned people alongside you. At that point you need to be humble enough to heed their advice.

You may be good; indeed, you may be better than most. But you must be careful who you listen to. Therefore, seek trustworthy counselors and persons who want only what The Most High wants (for you.) Such persons will stay objective, listen carefully, and answer slowly. Often they won't give you an answer at the time you ask for it. They want to sleep on it; they want to pray about it; they want to think about it.

Such a person is like having an extra set of eyes and ears. Why would you want to live without them? So, today be open to those The Most High sends into your life to help guide you. (Source: Word For Today)

Sunday, February 11, 2018

BOBBEE BEE: WILMINGTON ON FIRE: White Supremacy and the Democratic Party's Dark Past

"Wilmington on Fire" is a stunning movie about the racist massacre that took place in Wilmington, North Carolina when in 1898 a mob of whites burned down Black businesses in downtown Wilmington and either killed or exiled its Black citizens, threatening death to some of the Black property owners if they even thought about returning.
With a passionate cast of interviewees (including actual descendants of victims of the atrocity) Wolly McNair’s intermittent arresting visual reproductions of some of the events, a stellar soundtrack produced by Sean ‘Oneson’ Washington, and a jam-packed history and humanities lesson in a sobering 90 minutes, this is a wholly personal and consciousness-expanding documentary told in a direct and moving way about a genocidal act whose impact still reverberates today…
Christopher Everett’s directorial debut is an un-pretentious, direct, and minimalist portrait of the terrifying coup d’├ętat created by the white North Carolina Democratic Party in an attempt to broker the lives and future of Wilmington and eventually the entire state on November 10, 1898-- ensuring the legacy and rebirth of a rekindled and acknowledged form of legally sanctioned racism, 35 years after the civil war and the USA’s official outlaw of slavery. As Dr. Umar Johnson fluently explains, after the Civil War in 1865 – a cloud hung over the Ex-Confederate Southern white men who couldn’t bring themselves to accept the fact that they had lost a war – not to President Lincoln or the Yankees up North but to their own former slaves! The Union never would have won the Civil War had it not been for the Black soldiers who fought for themselves and on behalf of the Union.

In retaliation and exasperation, white supremacists who governed the Democratic Party in North Carolina sough to retaliate and officially instill a racist system that had been supposedly eradicated some 30 years’ prior as a result of the Emancipation Proclamation. The confederates’ dream to restore White unity and Black servitude reached such a grizzled mania that an impassioned yet calculated plot to excise the Black businesses and citizens of Wilmington completely.
Independent researcher Kent Chatfield shows us copies of WB McKoy’s pamphlet of 1897 of The White Government Union constitution and bylaws created by the North Carolina Democratic Party whose sole aim was to instill white supremacy government.
We learn in Wilmington On Fire that the White Government Union was a more urbane and far more treacherous terrorist organization than its backyard cousin the Ku Klux Klan for example. These were men who were out for blood, had serious connections and money, and were not going to stop until they removed all Black powerbrokers, cultural influence, and existence in Wilmington, North Carolina. The White Government Union’s de-facto militias – known as the “redshirts” – once again, unlike the Klan did not hide their faces and acted like savage storm-troopers upon the African-American community and, as the Nazis did, acted in accordance with some of the most strategic and wicked propaganda put forth by white racists in Wilmington in order to stir up hate and fear against the Blacks.
The film opens with Ness Lee’s powerful track, “Voice of The Regular People” produced by Illustrate with sampled echoes of Curtis Mayfield’s inimitable falsetto heard wailing, “I’m going to war to find my brother!” is well used here and the closing number of the film has one of the best uses of anthemic protest music that I can think of in any movie since Children of Men’s closing with John Lennon’s “Free The People.” The closing number by James Diallo (produced by Michael ‘Sarkastix’ Harris) in this case is the original and haunting, “It’s a Massacre” – an atmospheric hip hop tune that is as defiant and soulful as the film itself. Matthew Head sparsely and confidently scores the rest of the music.
Wilmington On Fire was made to enlighten, inform, and arouse interest in not only a slice of American history, but also a deeply troubling event that has been swept under the carpet and seldom mentioned. (Source: Dennis LeRoy Kangalee)

Wilmington on Fire: Black Wilmington (clip) from Wilmington on Fire on Vimeo.

BOBBEE BEE: SANKOFA: "One Must Return to the Past In Order to Move Forward"

Powerful, moving and highly acclaimed, director Haile Gerima’s Sankofa is a masterpiece of cinema that has had a transformative impact on audiences since its release in 1993. This empowering film tells a story of slavery and of the African Diaspora from the perspective of the enslaved, challenging the romanticizing of slavery prevalent in American culture.
Sankofa was developed from 20 years of research into the trans-Atlantic slave trade and the experiences of African slaves in the New World. The film represents complex characters and empowering moments of resilience that assert humanity in the face of subjugation. Unlike Hollywood’s depiction of slavery, Gerima presents the often suppressed history of slave resistance and rebellion and represents the enslaved as agents of their own liberation.
The story begins with Mona (Oyafunmike Ogunlano), an African American model on a fashion shoot at the former slave castles in Cape Coast, Ghana. Mona undergoes a journey back in time and place to a slave plantation in North America where she becomes Shola, a house slave, and experiences the suffering of slavery firsthand. In becoming Shola and returning to her past culture and heritage, Mona is able to recover her lost slave identity and confront her ancestral experience.
Shola’s interactions with her fellow slaves are marked with humanity and dignity, most notably with Shango (Mutabaruka), a rebellious field slave, and Nunu (Alexandra Duah), one of the few slaves to remember her life in Africa before being stolen by Europeans.
The film’s narrative structure follows the concept of “Sankofa,” an Akan word that signifies the recuperation of one’s past in order to comprehend the present and find one’s future. by Allyson Nadia Field, UCLA)


"The relationship of history to the people is the same as the relationship of a mother to her child." - Professor Clarke

(CELEBRATING BLACK HISTORY) JOHN HENRIK CLARKE: A Great and Mighty Walk - (DVD) (Available online to watch)

This video chronicles the life and times of the noted African-American historian, scholar and Pan-African activist John Henrik Clarke (1915-1998). Both a biography of Clarke himself and an overview of 5,000 years of African history, the film offers a provocative look at the past through the eyes of a leading proponent of an Afrocentric view of history. From ancient Egypt and Africa’s other great empires, Clarke moves through Mediterranean borrowings, the Atlantic slave trade, European colonization, the development of the Pan-African movement, and present-day African-American history.

Wednesday, February 07, 2018


by eric d. graham

The story of Nick Foles, is one of perseverance and faith.

Why? Because, the quarterback, who looks like the character Napoleon Dynamite, contemplated retirement during a difficult period of his NFL career, which led him from being a starting QB for the Philadelphia Eagles after replacing the injured Mike Vick, where he became the second quarterback in NFL history to post a perfect passer rating of 158.3, while passing for more than 400 yards and seven touchdowns in one game to being traded to the St. Louis Rams, before ending up as a back-up QB for the Kansas City Chiefs until he ended up back in Philly, where he was propelled back into the spotlight when the possible NFL's MVP Carson Wentz tore his ACL.

According to CBSSports, the 28 year old NFL journeyman, who had started to lose passion for the game he loved, as well as his ability to play the game utilized the scripture of 2 Corinthians 12:8-9, which says "Concerning this thing I pleaded with the Lord three times that it might depart from me. And He said to me, "My grace is sufficient for you, for My strength is made perfect in weakness. Therefore most gladly I will rather boast in my infirmities, that the power of Christ may rest upon me. Therefore, I take pleasure in infirmities, in reproaches, in needs, in persecutions, in distresses, for Christ's sake. For when I am weak, then I am strong."

With these biblical words and the support of his wife, Foles chose to return back to the football field, which he said was the "greatest decision he ever made" which he claims "completely reinvigorated his outlook on the game" due to his struggle.

Despite Foles temporary fall from grace and renewed spirit, many football commentators along with a lot of Philly football fanatics still don't have FAITH in the eighth QB selected by the Eagles in the 5th round of a heavy-laced quarterback draft in 2012, which produced Andrew Luck, Robert Griffin III, Ryan Tannehill, Brandon Weeden, Brock Osweiler, Russell Wilson, and Kirk Cousins.

Unfortunately, while many people "In the City of Brotherly Love", would prefer Wentz center, let's not forget it was the 6-foot 6 slender framed quarterback, from Arizona, which helped catapult the Eagles to the playoffs before losing to the Saints in 2012. Honestly, despite his naysayers and haters, Nick Foles has never been considered a scrub.

He proved this once again against the Minnesota Vikings, who were heavily favorited on Sunday, when he torched the “Purple People Eaters” defense by throwing for 352 yards and three touchdowns in the Eagles (38-7)win.

Now, the "underdogs," with Foles "flying high" like an Eagle, head to Super Bowl LII on Feb. 4 at U.S. Bank Stadium in Minnesota to face the New England Patriots, which will be a re-match of Super Bowl XXXIX, where the Patriots, with a younger Tom Brady, defeated the Eagles, who were blessed with the "BirdGang" of Donovan McNabb, under center, Brian Westbrook, in the backfield and Terrell Owens, on the outside (24-21) 13 years ago.

How amazing it would be, however, if this fairytale season Un-"Foled", if the "odd-ball" looking Nick Foles outplays the "supermodel-looking" Tom Brady and wins Philadelphia it's first Super Bowl Trophy in the team's 70 year history in the National Football League. (BASN Newsroom)


by eric d. graham

Will Saturday be the last time we will get to see Tom Brady play football and rock a New England Patriots jersey?

Why? Because, in the occult world 40 is the number of maturity. This is made presence in the Hebrew Bible. Because, forty is often used for time periods, forty days or forty years, which separate "two distinct epochs". Rain fell for "forty days and forty nights" during the Flood. ( Genesis 7:4) Spies explored the land of Israel for "forty days." ( Numbers 13:25) Jesus fasted for forty days and forty nights(Matthew 4:1-3)
And, now, in the same "biblical fashion" of another Boston Bean-Town Legend, Larry Bird, who wore the #33, Tom Brady, who is now 40 years old, is playing in his 8th Super Bowl and possibly his last game in his memorable 18 year NFL Career for the New England Patriots.
Yes, this is the question on everybody’s mine. Will Tom Brady retire? Matter of fact, some Patriot fans are still wondering whether they got rid of their back-up quarterback too soon. Especially, if Tom, decides to hang-up his cleats and jersey after this season. (Which, hopefully won't be stolen after the game and end up in Mexico like last year.)
Why? Because Jimmy Garoppolo, like Brady, with his good-look
s, pocket mobility and strong arm, would’ve been the perfect replacement for him in the Patriots system as the sands of the hour glass in Tom's career seem to be dwindling like his jello-like legs and weaken throwing arm.
This is why, Bill Belichick, according to BusinessWeek, reportedly, refused to trade Garoppolo to the Cleveland Browns because he didn't think he could flourish there. So, doing it the Patriot Way, he sent him to the similarly quarterback-needy 49ers to work with Kyle Shanahan, who previously turned Matt Ryan into an MVP with the Atlanta Falcons.
However, with Garoppolo's departure to the 49ers, who was (4-0) last season, some speculate that maybe Brady was having a "little" attachment issues, of giving up the keys to the "Lamborghini" like an aging parent, while having some resentment like Brett Favre felt toward Aaron Rodgers in Green Bay in his final days in Wisconsin.
But, unfortunately, Jimmy Garoppolo is long gone now, with hopes of being the new Joe Montana in San Francisco.
Therefore, we will still have to wait to after the Super Bowl to see if Brady will retire if he defeats the Philadelphia Eagles on February 4th and walks away from the game never to return in historical fashion like Peyton Manning did in 2016? Or, will Tom continue to throw his slightly, wobbly, laser dart short passes to Danny Amendola, Rob Gronkcowski, Julian Edelman and host of other “no-name” receivers for another five years.
I know some people might not care. But, Brady, in some people's eyes has surpassed Joe Montana in the lore of NFL Legends. Brady, in fact, is what Heisman-Trophy winner Tim Tebow wish he could be. But, could never accomplish. Because, even though, he had the “passion of Christ in his heart”, he had the arm and the throwing motion of the Los Angeles Dodgers second basemen Steve Sax, who had difficulty tossing a baseball to first base.
Seriously, could you imagine, if Brady had the “evangelical spirit” of Tebow, with all his comeback victories and Super Bowl wins, the 700 club probably would have his picture hanging on the wall instead of Cesare Borgia's, whom most of the world believes Jesus Christ looks like, which is a false image, of course.
But, oddly, Brady is not. Because, his “Boston arrogance,” even though he wasn’t born there, and on-the field smugness prevents many from see-ing him in that fashion, whether he wins or loses.
So, while the sports world and barber shops across America, debate Brady's possible retirement, I only offer this "little advice" to the Patriots organization and owner Robert Craft...
"Never trade Tom Brady, no matter what? Retire his jersey, if you must. Hang it up in the Gillette Stadium. if you will.
But, don’t ever trade him. Or, allow him to wear another team’s jersey-just like the Celtics did with Bird.
Because, one thing I hate see-ing, is a Legend adorn another team’s uniform at the end of their lucrative careers.
Case in point, the San Francisco 49ers Joe Montana, in a Kansas City Chiefs jersey, was wrong. The Chicago Bulls Michael Jordan, in a Washington Wizard jersey, was ridiculous. The Dallas Cowboys Emmitt Smith, in an Arizona Cardinals jersey, was sad. The Green Bay Packers, Brett Favre, in a Minnesota Vikings jersey, was pure blasphemous……And, the New England Patriots, Tom Brady, in a possible New York Jets jersey, would be plain Evil….
With that said, Tom Brady, while I hate to see you win another Super Bowl ring, and pray that you don’t have another great comeback victory, thanks for showing us all what it looks like to win, while being at the top of your game.
But, if you don’t retire, I will post this same article next year. Because, with your winning attitude, you probably will be playing in the Super Bowl again next year just to prove to all of your critics, how great you really are.

Sunday, February 04, 2018


"It is not over. Champions extend their limits and make things happen.” -Amit Ra
by eric d. graham
Honestly, you can't deny Tom Brady's greatness. As much as we want to deny it. He has the "heart of a champion." He never gives up. Regardless, of the score or the situation, he, seemingly, always remains poise, focused on the bench, while mentally willing himself to find ways to win. (Even, if he has to deflate some footballs)
Because, while most of us, hate to admit it, we don't watch the Patriots to see if Brady will lose. We really watch to see how he is going to win.
Remember, we are watching a 6th round NFL draft pick, whom the New York Jets, San Francisco 49ers, Baltimore Ravens, Tennessee Titans, Pittsburgh Steelers, New Orleans Saints, and the Minnesota Vikings all "passed" on in order to draft literally "no-names" and back-up quarterbacks such as: Chad Pennington, Giovanni Carmazzi, Chris Redman, Tee Martin, Marc Bulger, and Spergon Wynn in 2000.
This is why Brady plays with a chip on his shoulder, in my opinion.

Let's not forget, Tom once held a clipboard on the sideline for the "beloved" Drew Bledsoe before the "bone-crushing" blow delivered by the New York Jets linebacker Mo Lewis, which left the No. 1 overall draft pick in 1993, with a concussion and internal bleeding. 
This, unfortunately, is where the Brady Dynasty began.
And, where the Bledsoe era ended.
Yes, after the Twin Towers fell, Captain America, jogged on the field like a Super Hero from a Hollywood movie to begin his heroic rein as one of the best quarterback ever to play the game.
Love him or Hate him. You have to respect him.
The NFL's contributor Don Banks remembers the Birth of Brady like this: "Things were really different for the Patriots going forward after Bledsoe's frightful injury. Brady made his first career start in Week 3, a 44-13 demolition of Peyton Manning and the Colts at home, and the rest is history.
New England went 11-3 with Brady at the helm for the remainder of the regular season, won the infamous "Tuck Rule" game against the visiting Raiders in the snow in the divisional-round playoffs, then upset the Steelers in Pittsburgh in the AFC Championship Game, thanks in large part to Bledsoe's superb second-half relief job in place of the injured Brady. It was a small consolation to Bledsoe, the displaced starter, who was back on the bench on Super Bowl Sunday in New Orleans, when the Patriots and Brady stunned the heavily favored Rams 20-17 to win the first of New England's four Lombardi Trophies."
Now, after 18 years in the NFL, five super bowl rings later, which includes last year's 34-28 overtime win against the Atlanta Falcons, the 40 year old quarterback, heads to the Super Bowl for the eighth time, after conducting another comeback victory against the Jacksonville Jaguars (24-20), which he completed 26 of 38 passes for 290 yards and two touchdowns to Danny Amendola, despite an injured thumb.
And, to be truthful, we, all will, be watching to see him lose against the Philadelphia Eagles, while getting mad, if he some how finds away to win another Super Bowl.
By hook or crook.

Thursday, January 25, 2018


Where....strife is, there is...every evil work." (Jas 3:16)
The apostle Paul writes: "Agree with each other, love each other, be deep-spirited friends. Don't push your way to the front; don't sweet talk your way to the top. Put yourself aside, and help others get ahead. Don't be obsessed with getting your own advantage. Forget yourselves long enough to lend a helping hand." (Php 2:2-4 TM).
Strife wreaks havoc in relationships. It often stems from an inflated ego and leads to comparing, competing, and condemning. James points that out: "Where...strife is, there is...evil work." So be a strife-spotter! The moment it rears its ugly head-uproot it! "Look after each other so that none of you fails to receive the grace of the Most High. Watch out that no poisonous root of bitterness grows up to trouble you, corrupting many" (Heb 12:15 NLT).

If you want to walk in the Most High's blessing today, try to live in harmony with others. Is that always easy? No, but the sooner you learn to do it, the better things will go for you. 

Pray. That the Most High (Higher Consciousness) will give you wisdom with in these difficult situations-Because, those who are peacemakers will plant seeds of peace and reap a harvest of righteousness. (Jas 3:17-18 NLT). 

Because, the Bottomline is: If you want The Most High's blessing on your life-Avoid Strife. (Soure: The Word For Today)


"We must be concerned not merely about who murdered them, but about the system, the way of life, the philosophy, which produced the murders-Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr. (Eulogy for the Martyred Children)-


They do not know nor do they understand; They walk about in darkness; All the foundations of the earth are shaken. I said, "You are gods, And all of you are sons of the Most High.

"Nevertheless you will die like men And fall like any one of the princes."…

KINGS RECOGNIZE KINGS-Pocket Full of Ghetto Poems

Wednesday, January 24, 2018


by eric d. graham
As the corporate media continues to dumb us down, educationally and politically, as a student of Baba Dick Gregory and Steve Cokley, I have learnt how to maneuver through their twisted labyrinth of lies. Therefore, in discussing the legacy of Dr. King today, always remember the political climate and historical backdrop, which defined the moment.
If you are unaware of the twisted turbulent timeline, Pulitzer Prize-winning journalist, Chris Hedges brilliantly paints a ,"beautiful yet ugly image", when he wrote: "small, secret surveillance committee of goons and thugs hiding behind the mask of patriotism was established in 1908 in Washington, D.C. The group was led from 1924 until 1972 by J. Edgar Hoover, and during his reign it became known as the Federal Bureau of Investigation."
"FBI agents spied upon and infiltrated labor unions, political parties, radical groups — especially those led by African-Americans — anti-war groups and the civil rights movement in order to discredit anyone, including politicians such as Henry Wallace, who questioned the power of the state and big business. Agents burglarized homes and offices, illegally opened mail and planted unlawful wiretaps. Bureau leaders created blacklists. They destroyed careers and sometimes lives. They demanded loyalty oaths. By the time they were done, our progressive and radical movements, which had given us the middle class and opened up our political system, were dead."

After pondering this political reality, I encourage all of those, who are lovers of King to read two remarkable books entitled An Act of State: The Execution of Martin Luther King Jr. and The Plot to Kill: The Truth Behind the Assassination of MLK Jr's written by Dr. William Peppers, Esq,, who was James Earl Ray's defense attorney as well as the King family's attorney that won the 1999 civil lawsuit, which proved "without a shadow of a doubt" that government agencies, were involved in the assassination of King at hands of the FBI, CIA, the US Military, the Memphis police department and the local Dixie Mafia Group.
Add caption
I tried to bring out "a little bit" of this "hidden history" during my short yet impactful presentation (I Have a Dream: In the Age of Donald Trump) last year at the 17th Annual MLK Jr. Celebration in Kenansville, North Carolina, which offended some people and upset a few loyal Trump supporters, who had become accustomed to having a Kumbaya moment, while holding hands and reciting the "I Have Dream Speech" and singing "We Shall Overcome."
Despite the backlash that I received from trying to reveal Trump's racial rhetoric, white supremacist views, and Alt-right political ties, which fueled his 2016 political campaign to the Duplin County Event Center in September, as well as highlighting King's Anti-War stance in Vietnam, his Poor Man's Campaign along with his "newly" radical evolving philosophy that had him prepared to give the sermon entitled "Why America May Go to Hell" before his death.
How ironic, it is, to find out, that one year later, despite my critics, Trump is proving himself to be what I said he would be. And, America, as King had prophesied in 1968, but unable to deliver, due to being assassinated, seems as if it is heading to Hell.
Especially, with the latest threats of nuclear war with North Korea, which left the US island of Hawaii in fear for their lives last week during a false missile attack.

Plus, we can't forget Trump's alleged "sh#$hole" comments, which referred to Haiti and African nations during a meeting with a bipartisan group of senators at the White House that occurred right before the MLK Celebration.
While Trump's comments were shocking, Dr. William Pepper's research and detective work in the book The Plot To Kill, is mind-boggling.
Why? Because, according to Pepper, it was actually a Memphis Police Officer, which pulled the trigger that fatally struck King on the side of the head, while he stood on the balcony of the Lorraine Motel in Memphis. But, King, oddly didn't die as a result of a gun-shot wound. He allegedly died in the emergency room at the hands of the Chief Surgeon at St.Joesph's Hospital.
Man, the Devil is in the Details. So, if you read Michael Wolff's book Fire and Fury. You MUST READ Dr. William Pepper's The Plot to Kill: The Truth Behind the Assassination of Martin Luther King Jr. in order to learn how "your" government really works.